彩票平台下载

当前位置: 彩票平台下载 >> 中文版 >> 业务研究 >> 研究动态
大数据时代《民法典》对数据保护问题的回应
日期: 2019-07-30    阅读: 144次

摘要: 信息时代最有价值的财产是数据,其中所带来的核心法律问题集中于数据的取得、利用、处置过程中。作为中华人民共和国成立以来第一部以“法典”命名的法律,《民法典》就信息网络领域中目前较为突出的问题进行了规制,在强化对公民隐私权和个人信息保护的同时,也对数据权属及数据行为做出规定,具有开创意义。但纵观《民法典》关于个人信息、虚拟财产等法条的规定,《民法典》采用了相对保守的态度,虽然不致于因激进而引发争议,但导致现实中很多问题依然无法可依,有待后续立法完善。

关键词: 民法典  网络数据  个人信息  虚拟财产

2012NIANYILAI,DASHUJUYICIYUELAIYUEDUODIBEITIJI,SHUJUYIJINGSHENTOUDAODANGJINMEIYIGEXINGYEHEYEWULINGYU,CHENGWEIZHONGYAODESHENGCHANYINSU。SUIZHEYUNSHIDAIDELAILIN,SHUJUJINRUBAOZHAXINGZENGZHANGJIEDUAN,JINKENENGDIWAJUE、LIYONGGERENSHUJUYIJINGSHISUOYOUWANGLUOCAIPIAOPINGTAIXIAZAISHANGDEGONGSHI。ZHEIBIRANDAILAIYONGHUYUSHUZICHANYEZHIJIAN、GONGMINQUANLIYUSHICHANGXUQIUZHIJIANDEMAODUNYUCHONGTU。

一、数据的内涵

彩票平台下载 SHUJU(data)BENSHENSHIYIGEGEFUHAOHUOSHUZHI,JINGGUOJIESHICHULI,BEIFUYUYIYIHOUCHENGWEIXINXI。XINXIWANGLUOXITONGZHONGDESHUJUBAOHANLELIANGBUFENFALVGAINIAN,YIBUFENSHIRENGEQUANZHONGDEGERENXINXI、YINSI,LINGYIBUFENZESHICAICHANQUAN。

(一)个人信息与个人隐私

ZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG,GERENSHUJU、GERENXINXI、GERENYINSIDENGCIYUJINGCHANGBEIHUNYONG。ZAIFALVCENGMIAN,GEGUOGENJUXIGUANDEBUTONGSUOSHIYONGDEGAINIANYEBUJINXIANGTONG。LIRU,2018NIAN5YUE,OUMENGTONGGUODE《TONGYONGSHUJUBAOHUTIAOLI》(General Data Protection Regulation,JIANCHENG“GDPR”)ZHONGSHIYONGDESHIGERENSHUJUDEGAINIAN。ERWOGUO《MINFADIAN》、《WANGLUOANQUANFA》JUNCAIYONGGERENXINXIZHEIYIGAINIAN。YANGEYIYISHANGSHUO,GERENSHUJUBINGBUDENGTONGYUGERENXINXI,SHUJUSHIXINXIXINGSHI、XINXISHISHUJUDENEIRONG。DANZHEIZHONGQUFENCONGFALVSHIJIANJIAODULAIKANMEIYOUSHIJIDEYIYI,BENWENTAOLUNGUOCHENGZHONGBUZAIJINXINGQUFEN。《WANGLUOANQUANFA》DIQISHILIUTIAODI(WU)KUANGUIDING,“GERENXINXI,SHIZHIYIDIANZIHUOZHEQITAFANGSHIJILUDENENGGOUDANDUHUOZHEYUQITAXINXIJIEHESHIBIEZIRANRENGERENSHENFENDEGEZHONGXINXI,BAOKUODANBUXIANYUZIRANRENDEXINGMING、CHUSHENGRIQI、SHENFENZHENGJIANHAOMA、GERENSHENGWUSHIBIEXINXI、ZHUZHI、DIANHUAHAOMADENG。”《MINFADIAN》DIYIQIANLINGSANSHISITIAOZAI《WANGLUOANQUANFA》DEJICHUSHANG,ZENGJIALE“DIANZIYOUXIANG”、“JIANKANGXINXI”、“XINGZONGXINXI”DENEIRONG。

GERENXINXIYUGERENYINSIJIYOUJIAOCHAYOUYOUBUTONG。《MINFADIAN》DIYIBAISANSHIERTIAOGUIDING,“YINSISHIZIRANRENDESIRENSHENGHUOANNINGHEBUYUANWEITARENZHIXIAODESIMIKONGJIAN、SIMIHUODONG、SIMIXINXI。”JIYINSIJIBAOKUOSIMIXINXIBUBEICITAN、GONGKAI,YOUQIANGDIAOSISHENGHUODEANNING。ERYIBUFENGERENXINXIBINGBUSHEJISISHENGHUOMINGANXINXI,BUSHUYUYINSIDEFANCHOU。SUOYI,《MINFADIAN》RENGEPIANZHONGJIANGGERENXINXIYUYINSIQUANBINGLIE。

(二)数据的财产属性

彩票平台下载 SHUJUDECAICHANSHUXINGWENTIZHUYAOBAOHANLIANGDIAN: GERENXINXIDECAICHANSHUXINGHEYISHUJUWEIZAITIDEXUNICAICHAN。ZHENDUIGERENXINXIDECAICHANSHUXINGWENTIXUEJIEZHENGYIJIAODA。YOUDEXUEZHERENWEIXINXIZHUTIBINGWEIDUIXINXIFUCHULAODONG,GERENXINXISHIDUIGERENZHENSHIQINGKUANGDEZHIGUANFANYING,BUSHILAODONGCHANPIN,WUFADUIGERENXINXIJIAZHIJINXINGPINGGU。BINGQIEJIANGGERENXINXIZUOWEICAICHANCHUFENBIRANDAOZHIYINSIQUANMIANLINZHONGDUOFENGXIAN,GUBURENKEGERENXINXIDECAICHANSHUXING。ERYOUYIBUFENXUEZHERENWEI,SUIRANYIZHAOCHUANTONGMINFALILUN,RENGEQUANBUBAOHANCAICHANXINGDENEIRONG,BUJUYOUZHUANRANGXINGHEJICHENGXING,CAICHANQUANBUBAOHANRENDEJINGSHENLIYI,DANSHITONGYIKETIZHONGJIBAOHANJINGSHENXINGNEIRONGYOUBAOHANCAICHANXINGNEIRONGBINGBUMAODUN。MEIGERENDOUYOUSHOUQUANTARENSHOUJI、CHUCUN、CHUANBO、XIUGAIZIJIXINXICONGERHUOLIDEJUEDINGQUAN,CAICHANQUANZHENGSHIJIYUZHEIZHONGZIJUEQUANFAZHANERLAI。ZAIDANGJINHULIANWANGFAZHANMOSHIXIA,ZHIYOURENKEGERENXINXIJUYOURENGEQUAN、CAICHANQUANSHUANGZHONGSHUXING,TONGGUOSHUANGGUIBAOHUJIZHICAINENGGENGYOUXIAODEBAOHUGERENXINXI。《MINFADIAN》DUIZHEIYIWENTIBINGWEISHEJI。

ZHENDUIXUNICAICHANDEWENTI,《MINFADIAN》DIYIBAIERSHIQITIAOGUIDING,“FALVDUISHUJU、WANGLUOXUNICAICHANDEBAOHUYOUGUIDINGDE,YIZHAOQIGUIDING。”BENTIAOGUIDINGYU《MINFAZONGZE》YIZHI,CONGTIAOWENNEIRONGLAIKAN,KEYILIJIEWEI《MINFADIAN》DUIWANGLUOXUNICAICHANDEBAOHUCHIKENDINGTAIDU,DANRUHEBAOHU、SHIFOUKEYIJICHENGMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDING,XIAWENJIANGXIANGXILUNSHU。

二、《民法典》对个人信息、隐私权的保护

(一)个人信息

彩票平台下载 SUIZHESHEHUIDEBUDUANJINBU,RENMENDUIGERENXINXIDEBAOHUYUELAIYUEZHONGSHI。《MINFADIAN》DUIGERENXINXIMINGSHILIEJUBUFENDENEIRONGJINYIBUKUOCHONG,FANYINGLESHEHUIDUIGERENXINXIBAOHUDEXUQIU。2019NIAN10YUE,ZHEJIANGLIGONGDAXUEMOUFUJIAOSHOUXIANGFAYUANQISUHANGZHOUMOUDONGWUYUAN,LIYOUWEIGAIDONGWUYUANJIANGZHIQIANDEZHIWENRUYUANRENZHENGGAIWEIRENLIANSHIBIERENZHENGXIWEIJINGQITONGYISHOUJIGERENSHENGWUSHIBIEXINXI,YANZHONGSUNHAILEQIHEFAQUANYI。CIANZHISUOYIYINQIGUANGFANGUANZHU,SHIYINWEIRENLIANSHIBIEJISHUZIDANSHENGQIJIUCHONGMANZHENGYI,CIANYOUBEICHENGWEI“ZHONGGUORENLIANSHIBIEDIYIAN”。DANCONGLINGWAIYIGEJIAODULAIKAN,ZHIWENYESHISHENGWUSHIBIEXINXI,JIAOSHOUDUIZHIWENRENZHENGWUDONGYUZHONG,QUEDUIRENLIANSHIBIETIQISUSONG,YIFANGMIANKENENGSHIYINWEIMIANBUXINXIXIELOUKENENGDAILAIDEWEIHAIGENGDA,LINGYIFANGMIANYEFANYINGCHUDAZHONGDUIYUGERENXINXIBAOHUDEYISHISUIZHEJISHUDEJINBUYEZAIJIAQIANG。

《MINFADIAN》DIYIQIANLINGSANSHISITIAOZHIDIYIQIANLINGSANSHIJIUTIAOJIBENYANYONGLE《WANGLUOANQUANFA》DEGUIDING: 1.YAOQIUXINXICHULIZHEZAICHULI(BAOKUO: SHOUJI、CUNCHU、SHIYONG、JIAGONG、CHUANSHU、TIGONG、GONGKAIDENG)GERENXINXISHIXUYAOZHENGDEGAIZIRANRENHUOZHEQIJIANHURENDETONGYI,BINGZAIYIMINGSHIDECHULIXINXIMUDE、FANGSHIHEFANWEINEIJINXINGXINXICHULI。2.MINGQUEFUYUXINXICHULIZHEBAOZHENGXINXIANQUAN、BUDEDUIWAIXIELOUDEYIWU。

彩票平台下载 SUIRAN《MINFADIAN》YIJINGQIANGHUALEDUIGERENXINXICHULIHUANJIEDEGUIZHI,DANSHIJIANZHONGWENTIYAOFUZADEDUO。BIRUDABUFENWANGLUOCAIPIAOPINGTAIXIAZAISHANGDOUHUIZAIYONGHUZHUCESHI,YAOQIUYONGHUTONGYIQISHIXIANNIDINGDETIAOKUAN,QIZHONGBAOKUOLETONGYIQISHOUJI、CHULIYONGHUXINXI。ERJUEDADUOSHURENBINGBUHUIZIXIYUEDUZHEIXIETIAOKUANERZHIJIEDIANXUANTONGYI,ZHEIZHONGTONGYISHIFOUYOUXIAO。ZAI“SHIYONGBIXIANTONGYI”DEMOSHIXIA,JISHIYONGHUKANDAOLEXIANGYINGTIAOKUAN,DANQIBINGMEIYOUYIJIAQUAN,ZAIGAODULONGDUANDEHULIANWANGTIXIXIA,BUTONGYIZEBUNENGSHIYONGCAIPIAOPINGTAIXIAZAI,CISHIDETONGYISHIFOUYOUXIAO。GDPRZHONGGUANYUTONGYIDEGUIDINGYAOGENGWEIXIZHI,BIRUYONGHUBIXUYOUXUANZEQUAN,BINGKEYIKONGZHICONGSHUJUKONGZHIZHECHUJIESHOUDENEIRONG。ZONGDELAISHUO,《MINFADIAN》GUANYUGERENXINXIBAOHUDENEIRONGJIBENLAIYUANYU《WANGLUOANQUANFA》,ER《WANGLUOANQUANFA》BENSHENYINGERENXINXIBAOHUFANGMIANMEIYOUFANYINGDASHUJUSHIDAIDETEDIAN,YIXIETIAOKUANYINLONGTONG、CAOZUOXINGCHADENGYUANYINERGUANGSHOUGOUBING。XIANGGUANWENTIHAIYOUDAIYOUMUQIANRENGZAISHENYIZHONGDE《GERENXINXIBAOHUFA》JIEJUE。

(二)隐私权

彩票平台下载 YINSIQUANYIZHIYILAIDOUSHIYIGEBIJIAOLONGTONGDEFALVGAINIAN,FALVSHIJIANZHONGCILEIANJIANYANZHONGYILAIFAGUANDEGERENPANDUAN,QUEFATONGYIKECAOZUODEBIAOZHUN。《MINFADIAN》DIYIQIANLINGSANSHISANTIAOSHOUCIMINGSHILIEJULEQINFANYINSIQUANDEJIZHONGXINGWEI,YOUZHUYUSHOUHAIZHEWEIHUZISHENQUANYI,QIZHONGBAOKUO: 1.YIDIANHUA、DUANXIN、JISHITONGXUNGONGJU、DIANZIYOUJIAN、CHUANDANDENGFANGSHIQINRAOTARENDESIRENSHENGHUOANNING;2.JINRU、PAISHE、KUISHITARENDEZHUZHAI、BINGUANFANGJIANDENGSIMIKONGJIAN;3.PAISHE、KUISHI、QIETING、GONGKAITARENDESIMIHUODONG;4.PAISHE、KUISHITARENSHENTIDESIMIBUWEI;5. CHULITARENDESIMIXINXI;6.YIQITAFANGSHIQINHAITARENDEYINSIQUAN。WANGLUOSHIDAIZUIWEIRENGOUBINGDEWENTIZHIYISHIWANGLUOBAOLI。WANGLUOBAOLITONGCHANGBAOKUOLIANGGEJIEDUAN: 1.RENROUSOUSUO;2.DIANHUASAORAO、DUANXINSAORAO、DIANZIYOUJIANSAORAODENG。JISHOUXIANTONGGUORENROUSOUSUOCHAXUNBEIHAIRENDEZHENSHIXINXI,LIRUXINGMING、JIATINGZHUZHI、GONGZUODANWEI、DIANHUA、YOUXIANGDENG,RANHOUJIANGZHEIXIEXINXIGONGKAI,YOUYIQUNZIRENWEI“ZHENGYI”DERENSHIXIANGBEIHAIRENDASAORAODIANHUA,FAKONGHEDUANXIN、YOUJIANDENG。JINNIANLAI,YINWANGLUOBAOLIERYIYUSHENZHIQINGSHENGDEANLIBUDUANZENGDUO。CICI《MINFADIAN》DUIYINSIQUANBAOHUJINXINGJIAOWEIXIJIEDEGUIDING,NENGGOUYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDUIWANGLUOBAOLIDENGQINFANYINSIQUANDEXINGWEIQIDAOYOUXIAOHEZUZUOYONG。

三、《民法典》对虚拟财产规定的不足

彩票平台下载 CHENGQIANSUOSHU,《MINFADIAN》DUIWANGLUOXUNICAICHANDEBAOHUCHIKENDINGDETAIDU,DANYEJINCIERYI。ZI2003NIANSHOULIXUNICAICHANJIUFENANYILAI,YIN“YOUXIZHUANGBEI”、“XUNIHUOBI”DENGYINFADEJIUFENDAFUZENGDUO。ER2020NIANTONGGUODE《MINFADIAN》DUIZHEIYIWENTIDEHUIYING,JINJINSHI“FALVDUISHUJU、WANGLUOXUNICAICHANDEBAOHUYOUGUIDINGDE,YIZHAOQIGUIDING”,XIANRANSHIBUGOUDE。XUNICAICHANSUOSHEJIUFENMUQIANZHENGYIJIAODADEWENTIYOU: 1.XUNICAICHANDEDINGYISHISHENME?WEIBOZHANGHAO、LUNTANJISHIPINWANGZHANDEZHANGHAODENGSHIFOUSHUYUXUNICAICHAN;2.XUNICAICHANDEJIAZHIYIHEZHONGBIAOZHUNQUEDING;3.JICHENGRENDUIXUNICAICHANSHIFOUYOUJICHENGQUAN,JINYIBULAIJIANG,DUIYUJUYOUYIDINGCAICHANSHUXINGDEGERENWANGLUOXINXI,JICHENGRENSHIFOUYOUJICHENGQUAN。SHANGSHUWENTIJIDAIXIANGGUANLIFAJIEJUE。

彩票平台下载 ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,《MINFADIAN》FANYINGLESHIDAITEZHENG,DUIDASHUJUSHIDAIBEIJINGXIADEGERENXINXI、YINSIQUANBAOHUDENGWENTIJINXINGLEJIAOWEIXIHUADEGUIZHI,YOUQISHIGUANYUYINSIQUANDEGUIDINGJUYOUJIQIANGDEXIANSHIYIYI。DANSHICONGSHUJUBAOHUFANGMIANLAIKAN,QINEIRONGYANYONGLE《WANGLUOANQUANFA》DENEIRONG,JIAOGUOWAIDEXIANGGUANLIFA,LIRUGDPR(GUIDINGLEXIZHIDEZHIQINGTONGYIQUAN、SHUJUZHUANYIQUAN、BEIYIWANGQUANDENG)RENGYOUJIAODUODELIFAKONGBAI。ZHIYUXUNICAICHANFANGMIAN,SUIZHEWANGMINQUNTIDEBUDUANKUODA,WANGLUOSHEHUIDUIXUNICAICHANDEFALVGUIZHIJUYOUPOQIEDEXUQIU,YOUDAILIFAZHEJINYIBUWANSHAN。

(作者: 贾昆,京都彩票平台下载



责任编辑: 李军委




彩票平台下载_彩票平台网址|首页 彩票投注 彩票平台排行 彩票平台推荐 彩票平台登录 彩票平台充值送2%彩票平台软件app下载 彩票网站app 彩票网站平台 彩票网时时彩 彩票网官网 彩票网软件