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《民法典》关于混合担保内部追偿的老问题与新思路
日期: 2019-07-23    阅读: 317次

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一、混合担保规则的立法与实务

ZHENDUIHUNHEDANBAOZHUICHANGWENTI,《MINFADIAN》DI392TIAOYU《WUQUANFA》DI176TIAOYIYANG,JUNZHIGUIDINGDAO“TIGONGDANBAODEDISANRENCHENGDANDANBAOZERENHOU,YOUQUANXIANGZHAIWURENZHUICHANG”JIJIARANERZHI;DUISHIFOUKEYIXIANGQITADANBAORENZHUICHANGDEWENTI,JUNXUANZELECHENMO。CHENMOYOUSHIYESHIYIZHONGTAIDU,ZHIDAOZHEIDIANHENZHONGYAO。KAOCHALIFAGUOCHENGKEZHI,ZAI《WUQUANFA》BANBUZHIQIAN,《DANBAOFAJIESHI》DI38TIAOSHIZHEIYANGGUIDINGDE: “TONGYIZHAIQUANJIYOUBAOZHENGYOUYOUDISANRENTIGONGWUDEDANBAODE,ZHAIQUANRENKEYIQINGQIUBAOZHENGRENHUOZHEWUDEDANBAORENCHENGDANDANBAOZEREN。DANGSHIRENDUIBAOZHENGDANBAODEFANWEIHUOZHEWUDEDANBAODEFANWEIMEIYOUYUEDINGHUOZHEYUEDINGBUMINGDE,CHENGDANLEDANBAOZERENDEDANBAOREN,KEYIXIANGZHAIWURENZHUICHANG,YEKEYIYAOQIUQITADANBAORENQINGCHANGQIYINGDANGFENDANDEFENE。”KEJIAN,ZUIGAOFAYUANCENGJINGCAINALEKENDINGSHUO。RANER《WUQUANFA》BINGMEIYOUXISHOUGAITIAOGUIZE。RENDAFAGONGWEIBIANXIEDEWUQUANFASHIYIZHONGTIDAO: “DUIYUZHEIGEWENTIZHENGLUNHENDA,YOUDERENWEI,WEILEPINGHENGGEDANBAORENDELIYIGUANXI,YINGDANGYUNXUGEDANBAORENZHIJIANXIANGHUZHUICHANG,ZHEIYEFUHEMINFASHANGDEGONGPINGYUANZEYUCHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE。BENFADUICIMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDING,DANCAIPIAOPINGTAIXIAZAIYANJIURENWEI,ZAIDANGSHIRENMEIYOUMINGQUEYUEDINGCHENGDANLIANDAIDANBAOZERENDEQINGKUANGXIA,GUIDINGGEDANBAORENZHIJIANXIANGHUZHUICHANGSHIBUTUODE。”YOUCIKEJIAN,QUANGUORENDACENGQINGXIANGYUFOUDINGSHUO。

CONGSIFASHIWUKAN,ZUIGAOFAYUANYUDIFANGFAYUANRENSHIYEBUYIZHI,DABUFENDIFANGFAYUANYUANYIN《DANBAOFAJIESHI》DI38TIAOZUOWEIPANANYIJU,ZHICHIKENDINGSHUO;ERZUIGAORENMINFAYUANDUOYI《WUQUANFA》176TIAOZUOWEIPANANYIJU,ZHICHIFOUDINGSHUO。ZHIDAOJIUMINJIYAOCHUTAI,ZUIGAOFAYUANCAIZONGSUANTONGYILECAIPANBIAOZHUN,GAIJIYAODI56TIAOGUIDING: “BEIDANBAODEZHAIQUANJIYOUBAOZHENGYOUYOUDISANRENTIGONGDEWUDEDANBAODE,DANBAOFASIFAJIESHIDI38TIAOMINGQUEGUIDING,CHENGDANLEDANBAOZERENDEDANBAORENKEYIYAOQIUQITADANBAORENQINGCHANGQIYINGDANGFENDANDEFENE。DAN《WUQUANFA》DI176TIAOBINGWEIZUOCHULEISIGUIDING,GENJU《WUQUANFA》DI178TIAOGUANYU‘DANBAOFAYUBENFADEGUIDINGBUYIZHIDE,SHIYONGBENFA’DEGUIDING,CHENGDANLEDANBAOZERENDEDANBAORENXIANGQITADANBAORENZHUICHANGDE,RENMINFAYUANBUYUZHICHI,DANDANBAORENZAIDANBAOHETONGZHONGYUEDINGKEYIXIANGHUZHUICHANGDECHUWAI。”KEJIAN,ZUIGAOFAYUANBINGBUDASUANYUEWEIZAOFA,ERSHIXUANZEYURENDAFAGONGWEIDEYIJIANBAOCHIYIZHI。

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二、运用文义和体系解释方法对《民法典》第700条进行分析

JIRAN《MINFADIAN》YIJINGBANBU,SIFASHIWULIYINGCAIQUJIESHILUNDELICHANG。YOURENCONG《MINFADIAN》HETONGBIANDI700TIAOJIESHICHULEHUNHEDANBAONEIBUXIANGYOUZHUICHANGQUAN。GAITIAOGUIDING: “BAOZHENGRENCHENGDANBAOZHENGZERENHOU,CHUDANGSHIRENLINGYOUYUEDINGWAI,YOUQUANZAIQICHENGDANBAOZHENGZERENDEFANWEINEIXIANGZHAIWURENZHUICHANG,XIANGYOUZHAIQUANRENDUIZHAIWURENDEQUANLI,DANSHIBUDESUNHAIZHAIQUANRENDELIYI。”CITIAODEGUANJIANSHIRUHELIJIE“XIANGYOUZHAIQUANRENDUIZHAIWURENDEQUANLI”?YOUGUANDIANRENWEI,GAIGUIDINGZHENGMING《MINFADIAN》QUELILEBAOZHENGRENDAIWEIQUANZHIDU,BINGRENWEIGAIQUANLIXINGZHISHUYUFADINGZHAIQUANRANGYU,BAOZHENGRENBUJINQUDEXIANGYINGDEZHUZHAIQUAN,ERQIEQUDECONGQUANLIBAOKUODISANFANGDANBAOWUQUAN。YOUGUANDIANJINYIBURENWEI,ZHEIDAIBIAOZHEHUNHEDANBAONEIBUZHUICHANGJUYOULEGUIFANYIJU。BENWENRENWEI,DI700TIAOQUESHIGUIDINGLEBAOZHENGRENXIANGYOUDAIWEIQUAN,KEYIXINGSHIZHAIQUANRENDUIZHAIWURENDEQUANLI,DANRUGUORENWEITONGSHIGOUCHENGLEFADINGZHAIQUANRANGYU(JINERQUDEDISANFANGDANBAOWUQUAN),YOUWEIWENYIJIESHIHETIXIJIESHIFANGFA。

彩票平台下载 SHOUXIAN,ANZHAOWENYIJIESHIFANGFA,ZAIDANBAOGUANXIZHONGZHAIWURENDEGAINIANSHITEDINGDE,JINZHIZHUZHAIWUREN,BUBAOKUODANBAOREN,YINCI“DUIZHAIWURENDEQUANLI”YINGJIESHIWEIZHAIQUANRENDUIZHUZHAIWURENXIANGYOUDEQUANLI,BUBAOKUODUIQITADANBAORENDEQUANLI。KUANGQIEGAIGUIDINGJINGENZAI“YOUQUANZAIQICHENGDANBAOZHENGZERENDEFANWEINEIXIANGZHAIWURENZHUICHANG”DEGUIDINGZHIHOU,GUDI700TIAOZHENGTISHIDUIBAOZHENGRENXIANGZHAIWURENZHUICHANGDEGUIFAN,BUNENGKUOZHANGSHIYONGDAODANBAORENNEIBUQIUCHANGWENTI。HEWEI“XIANGYOUZHAIQUANRENDUIZHAIWURENDEQUANLI”?JIASHEZHUZHAIWURENYEXIANGZHAIQUANRENTIGONGLEDIYAWU,ZEBAOZHENGRENYOUQUANDAIWEIXINGSHIDANBAOWUQUAN;JIASHEZHUHETONGGUANXISHIRONGZIZULINGUANXI,ZHUZHAIQUANWEIZUJIN,ZEBAOZHENGRENYOUQUANDAIWEIXINGSHICHUZURENDUIZULINWUDESUOYOUQUAN。RUGUOBUGUIDINGBAOZHENGRENDAIWEIQUAN,ZEBAOZHENGRENJINNENGYIPUTONGZHAIQUANRENDESHENFENDUIZHAIWURENXINGSHIZHUICHANGQUAN,DUIQIBAOHULIDUBUGOU。《MINFADIAN》DI700TIAOGONGPINGDIGUANZHAOLEBAOZHENGRENDELIYI,SHUYULIFADEYIDAJINBU。

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三、结论与提示

ZONGSHANGFENXI,ZHENDUIHUNHEDANBAONEIBUZHUICHANGWENTI,《MINFADIAN》XICAIFOUDINGSHUO,JIWUSHANGDANBAORENYULIANDAIBAOZHENGRENBUNENGXIANGHUZHUICHANG;LIANDAIBAOZHENGRENQUDEZHAIQUANDAIWEIQUAN,DANBUGOUCHENGFADINGZHAIQUANRANGYU,JINNENGZHENDUIZHUZHAIWURENXINGSHIQUANLI,BUNENGYANSHENDAODUIWUSHANGDANBAORENXINGSHIDANBAOWUQUAN。

彩票平台下载 YOUJIANYUCI,CAIPIAOPINGTAIXIAZAIJIANYIDANGSHIRENZAIJIARUHUNHEDANBAOSHI,YINGDANGMINGQUEYUEDINGNEIBUFENE,BINGYUEDINGXIANGHUZHIJIANDEZHUICHANGQUAN。DUIYUYOUKENENGLVXIANLVXINGDANBAOZERENDELIANDAIBAOZHENGRENHUOWUSHANGDANBAOREN,CAIPIAOPINGTAIXIAZAIJIANYIKECAIQUZHAIQUANZHUANRANGDEFANGSHI,CONGZHAIQUANRENCHUSHOURANGZHAIQUAN,RUCIBIANKEHEFAQUDECONGQUANLI,JINERYIZHAIQUANRENSHENFENXIANGQITADANBAORENZHUZHANGDANBAOZEREN。CIJUSUIYOU“ZUANFALVKONGZI”ZHIXIAN,DANBINGBUWEIFANFALVGUIDING。ZUOWEIMINGZHIDEDANBAOREN,LIYINGYOUQUANYUNYONGYIQIEFALVCUOSHIJIANSHAOZISHENSUNSHI,BUYINGZAOSHOUFEINAN。

(作者: 郑建鸥,京都彩票平台下载



责任编辑: 李军委




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